White papers

Industrial control solutions

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UL 508A and UL 916 and their relevance in building automation applications: Does an HVAC controller suffice in smart buildings and smart cities?

This paper provides a summary of the UL 508A and UL 916 standards and to help us understand each standard’s areas of effectiveness. We will also see the expanse, complexity, and diversity in building automation applications in the emerging IoT environment.

Linux and Windows in industrial automation

Linux and Windows in industrial automation

The industrial automation space is no stranger to Linux distributions, but recently, we have seen an uptick of requests on custom and standard industrial computer products. This white paper will explore some advantages and disadvantages of using Linux on industrial computers.

Remote monitoring system pays for itself

Remote monitoring system pays for itself

Compared with traditional methods, a cloud-based telemetry/SCADA remote monitoring system can save significant money over a 10-year period.

Remote Telemetry and Remote Maintenance

The water/wastewater system manager’s guide to remote telemetry and remote maintenance

This white paper will provide the reader with a practical selection guide to the communication mechanisms and media for remote maintenance and remote control technology that are relevant to them.

Power line carrier communication: Is it suitable when human safety is critical?

Power line carrier communication: Is it suitable when human safety is critical?

Power line carrier communications (PLCC) can be useful in non-critical applications. However, in applications where human safety is a priority, PLCC presents many challenges. 

SCADA, IIoT, M2M and more

SCADA, IIoT, M2M and more

How many buzzwords do you need to monitor your remote pump station?

Functional specification for a typical onshore wellhead control and monitoring system

Functional specification for a typical onshore wellhead control and monitoring system

This document specifies the requirements for a control and monitoring system for an onshore low-pressure, lower-temperature oil and gas wellhead.

What makes a soft PLC?

What makes a soft PLC?

This Technical Brief provides an introduction to “soft” control systems and real-time computing with an emphasis on PC-based control systems.

Streamlining Control Program Implementation and Modification Using the IEC 61131-3 Programming Model

Streamlining control program implementation and modification using the IEC 61131-3 programming model

Programming a control system represents a major portion of the non-recurring engineering costs for a new system. Modular programming structures and components exist in most commonly available control system configuration and programming packages. Those provided by the IEC 61131-3 standard lend themselves very well to the challenge.

Client/Server Terminology for Modbus TCP

Client/Server terminology for modbus TCP

A Simple Explanation of Client/Server Topology in Regards to the Modbus Protocol

Solid-State Drives in Embedded Systems

Solid-state drives in embedded systems

The benefits of using flash drives in embedded applications outweigh the disadvantages. In addition, there are several ways that a user can mitigate the problems associated with these drives.

Industrial PCs: Addressing the Top Five Challenges on the Factory Floor

Industrial PCs: Addressing the top five challenges on the factory floor

With the gaining popularity of PC-based control systems, plant engineers are turning to industrial PCs (IPCs) for control, HMI and data collection applications.

Design and manufacturing

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The Virtual Company

The virtual company: Keys to a successful brand labeling partnership

If a company wants to expand into a new market or quickly respond to emerging trends but does not have the necessary resources, a “brand label” strategy can be a viable alternative.

 

Signal conditioning and sensors

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Safety technology

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Ten advantages to using intrinsic safety in hazardous locations

Ten advantages to using intrinsic safety in hazardous locations

This paper lists ten reasons (in no particular order) to considering using intrinsic safety when feasible.

The secret to streamlining your HazLoc applications

The secret to streamlining your HazLoc applications

Relays that are triple-rated for hazardous locations (ATEX, IECEx, and Class I, Division 2) can cover thousands of HazLoc applications in the U.S. and around the globe.

SafetyBridge

Building a bridge to safety

This paper examines the benefits and shortfalls of both safety PLCs and configurable safety relays. It also examines a new way of handling safety in industrial automation, “SafetyBridge” technology.

Industrial networking

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Understanding NERC CIP compliance solutions with Phoenix Contact

Understanding NERC CIP compliance solutions with Phoenix Contact

Compliance with NERC CIP regulations ensures the reliability and availability of the power grid, which serves our homes and businesses throughout the entire country.

Best practices to secure cellular modems in any industrial application

Best practices to secure cellular modems in any industrial application

This white paper explains some measures you can take to prevent the possible risks associated with cellular modems in an Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) environment.

Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)

Speaking a common language: Getting your devices ready for IIoT

Your equipment has a lot to tell you if you have a way to listen. With minimal investment and effort, you can take the first step into the realm of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).

Cybersecurity graphic

Cybersecurity: Going Beyond Protection to Boost Resiliency

Managing cyber-threats is the new norm. The challenge of protecting sensitive data and cyber-assets becomes even more daunting as tens of billions of devices are connected globally, creating the Internet of Things (IoT). Cyber-threats take on an even greater significance when the target is critical infrastructure such as the electrical grid, a transportation system, or a water/wastewater utility.

Maintaining Data Integrity from Creation to Collection to Consumption in an Infrastructure Environment

Maintaining Data Integrity from Creation to Collection to Consumption in an Infrastructure Environment

Data utilization has escalated many times in modern infrastructure due to the need for information. This data is required for improving process efficiency, security, and decision-making. As the amount of data grows, the responsibility to maintain the integrity of that data grows exponentially.

Cybersecurity in the Global Hydrocarbon Process Industry

Cybersecurity in the Global Hydrocarbon Process Industry

In today’s connected world, the global hydrocarbon process industry is controlled and monitored electronically and digitally. This makes it susceptible to numerous risks, including a disruption anywhere along
the communication path. 

The Business Case for Cybersecurity

The Business Case for Cybersecurity

This paper will emphasize the necessity of a business case for cybersecurity, as defined in ISA-62443-2-1, that justifies the commitment of resources needed to manage cyber risks for a water or wastewater utility. Additionally, it will provide an overview of the NIST Framework.

Energy efficiency and sustainability

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Finger pointing at tablet with a graph

Energy monitoring in an IIoT world: Application, concepts, and integration

The promises of smart factories that can reduce energy consumption and boost uptime are firmly rooted in monitoring and collecting data on equipment of all types. However, looking at energy monitoring only as a tool to reduce energy consumption leaves a lot of additional cost-saving opportunities on the table. Monitoring enables operational improvements from several angles.

Improving Utility Scale PV Plant Operational Reliability via Effective Monitoring

Improving Utility Scale PV Plant Operational Reliability via Effective Monitoring

As the number of utility scale PV plants continues to grow, increased emphasis is being placed on improving array operational reliability.

Power quality and surge protection

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Industrial power plant

Internal overvoltage protection (OVP) in DIN rail power supplies

This white paper educates readers on why they should be concerned about the activation of their power supply’s OVP and the potential damage it may cause. It is extremely important for the reliability of a system that field devices and the power supply’s activated OVP level can exist in harmony.

Smart redundancy: Automatic Current Balancing Technology

Smart redundancy: Automatic Current Balancing Technology

This white paper addresses how this new technology for redundancy modules addresses common redundancy problems and how it differs from common Schottky or silicon diode-based redundancy modules.

Safe power supplies in the process industry: Certification, redundancy, and functional safety

Safe power supplies in the process industry: Certification, redundancy, and functional safety

Permanent system availability and high operational safety are of paramount importance in the process industries. Power supplies with new functionality ensure higher system availability an operational safety.

Redundant Power Supply Concepts

Redundant Power Supply Concepts

To improve machine uptime, many engieners are implementing redundant power supply concepts combined with redundancy modules.

Keeping Your DC Power Healthy with an Intelligent UPS

Keeping Your DC Power Healthy with an Intelligent UPS

With the introduction of the Smart Grid, substations are now an integral part of the distributed energy landscape. The new technologies behind the substations must have a reliable power source for monitoring and maintaining these intelligent systems.

DC/DC Converters Supply Rated Voltages of 12, 24, and 48 V DC Even in Extreme Environments

DC/DC Converters Supply Rated Voltages of 12, 24, and 48 V DC Even in Extreme Environments

DC/DC converters can compensate voltage drops in long cables, and they icnrease availability by decoupling circuits or establishing separtzate input circuits.

Best practices for Class I, Div. 2 installation

Best practices for Class I, Div. 2 installation

Selecting the proper battery for an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) system can be a complicated process in any application. When the system also requires Class I, Division 2 (CID2) Groups A, B, C, and D approval for use in a hazardous location, the designer has to consider an additional level of safety requirements.

Low-Voltage Power Design: Control Panel Battery Backup

Low-Voltage Power Design: Control Panel Battery Backup

When a control system requires battery backup, several factors drive the design for the UPS section. Depending on those requirements, the designer can determine whether an AC or DC UPS system is better for the system.

Control Panel UPS: Battery Selection Considerations

Control Panel UPS: Battery Selection Considerations

When a control system requires battery backup, several factors drive the selection for the uninterruptible power supply (UPS) battery. Designers must understand the temperature range for the application, voltage, current, and back-up time requirements for the load. These requirements will determine the best type of technology and battery size for the job.

Best practices for 24 V DC-UPS installation

Best practices for 24 V DC-UPS installation

Selecting the proper battery for an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) system can be a complicated process in any application. When the system also requires Class I, Division 2 (CID2) Groups A, B, C, and D approval for use in a hazardous location, the designer has to consider an additional level of safety requirements.

Technologies for Protecting Critical Electrical and Control Systems on Movable Structures

Technologies for Protecting Critical Electrical and Control Systems on Movable Structures

This paper will examine the different technologies that can be used to protect movable structures, such as bridges, against surges and transients, and how these technologies can be applied to provide a holistic approach in protecting critical electrical and control systems on movable structures.

A Cost-Effective Method of Controlling Lightning Effects in Wayside Bungalows that Incorporate PTC Electronics

A cost-effective method of controlling lightning effects in wayside bungalows that incorporate PTC electronics

This paper reviews the role of positive train control (PTC) for improved communications and electronic systems, including lightning protection. It also compares and contrasts the construction and operation of the VAL MS-AR surge protective devices with legacy AAR devices.

The use of surge protective devices in mitigating the effects of lightning strikes in offshore oil applications

The use of surge protective devices in mitigating the effects of lightning strikes in offshore oil applications

Recognizing the prevalence of lightning strikes in the Gulf of Mexico region, several system specifications and practices written for lightning mitigation have been applied and implemented in offshore applications over the last decade.

Industrial wireless technology

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Wireless for Closed-Loop Applications

Wireless for Closed-Loop Applications

Wireless is becoming more popular in many industrial application, including closed-loop control.

Saving Energy with an Automated Third Rail Heater System

Saving Energy with an Automated Third Rail Heater System

A collaborative project saves between $3 and $4 million in energy costs per year.  Document is property of the New York City Transit Authority. Posted with permission.

Three things to consider when planning an industrial wireless network

Three things to consider when planning an industrial wireless network

During the past decade users have become more comfortable with industrial wireless, but there are still a few items to consider before installation.

Trusted Wireless 2.0 - Wireless Technologies in Industrial Automation

Trusted Wireless 2.0 - Wireless Technologies in Industrial Automation

This white paper gives an overview of Trusted Wireless 2.0, a wireless technology developed especially for industrial use. This technology is based on the requirements of industrial infrastructure applications. It closes the gap between specific sensor networks such as WirelessHART and the high-speed technology WLAN.

So Many Wireless Technologies ...Which Is the Right One for My Application?

So Many Wireless Technologies ...Which Is the Right One for My Application?

This paper provides an overview of the various license-free, spread-spectrum technologies and their appropriate use for industrial applications.

Identifying the best components for your wireless network

Identifying the best components for your wireless network

This paper introduces basic terminology used to describe wireless systems and their accessories. It also covers the basic steps for installing a typical network, from designing a concept to the final system check.

Wireless Technologies for Hydroelectric Facilities

Wireless technologies for hydroelectric facilities

Wireless systems are no longer the technology of the future; it is the technology of the here and now. More power generation and T&D companies are embracing this form of communications because of obvious advantages in cost, time and labor savings.

Selecting the Right Antenna

Selecting the Right Antenna

Antenna selection can be one of the most confusing parts of designing a wireless system. This paper explores antenna theory and recommends practical rules of thumb to use when recommending and installing antennas.

Connection technology

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Narrow transducers make your analog life easier

Narrow transducers make your analog life easier

New developments in analog signal conditioners have resulted in transducers that measure just 6.2 mm wide, greatly simplifying installation and maintenance.

Safe methods for relay field device testing

Safe methods for relay field device testing

This paper will describe testing methods using an innovative switch for protective relay and protection systems. Whether you are in the commissioning, maintaining or recommissioning phase, this new technology can ensure safe, effective, and reliable testing.

Custom Connector Solutions

Electronic device manufacturers shouldn’t fear custom connector solutions – they should embrace them

Customized connector solutions can help achieve the balance needed with many of the challenges in today’s market.

Making wiring easier - Push-in terminal blocks for modular machine designs

Making wiring easier - Push-in terminal blocks for modular machine designs

Modular machine design is on the rise. Modern terminal blocks with push-in technology make systems more economical and flexible.

Hybrid connectors

Hybrid connectors: More than the sum of their parts

With more complex regulations and control tasks comes greater cabling complexity and, thus, a greater impact on the availability of the entire system. Hybrid connectors – for transmitting signals, data, and power over a single cable – offer a way out of this dilemma.

Tinning wires

The problems with tinning wires

Tinning wires could be the reason for loose connections in screw terminal blocks. While tinning does have benefits, there are better alternatives that could save you the headache of loose terminations.

Direct connection adaptivity

Direct connection adaptivity

PCBs and connection components are the central nervous system of electronics and as such, have a large impact on the performance and flexibility of electrical devices. SKEDD direct connection technology is the next innovation in PCB connection technology. 

Raspberry Pi enclosure

A Home for the Raspberry Pi

The Raspberry Pi is well known to the hobby community as a fun and useful piece of technology. However, the microcomputer requires a functional and safe enclosure with integrated connection technology in order to be used effectively in professional applications.

Well rounded: Fiber-Optic M12 Data Connectors

Well rounded: Fiber-Optic M12 Data Connectors

New M12 Optic connectors meet the requirements of complex automation processes. Based on fiber optics, the M12 Optic combines high data transmission rates with reliable protection against mechanical, electromagnetic, and environmental interference.

Power Wiring, Made Easy

Power Wiring, Made Easy

New high-current terminals  allow for easy, fast, and safe connections with large cable cross-sections.

Saving space for control cabinet switching

Saving space for control cabinet switching

Switching connectors and honeycomb terminals offer an innovative color guidance system where the connection point colors can be freely assigned.

Power PCB Terminal Blocks – Easier Wiring

Device manufacturers know many methods for transmitting current to the PCB. PCB terminals with fast connection technology connect the cable quickly, securely, and without the need for any tools.

PCB Terminal Blocks: Common Defects and How to Identify Them

PCB Terminal Blocks: Common Defects and How to Identify Them

A design engineer who knows how to identify a high-quality PCB terminal block can ultimately prevent dangerous electrical and mechanical faults in a system.

Top 10 concerns for signal connections

Top 10 concerns for signal connections

As the complexity of PCB design increases, users need to look at a wide factors when choosing signal connections. By looking at each of these factors, the user can better choose the connection to meet the specific needs of the application.

Interface technology and switching devices

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White paper thumbnail

Universal signal conditioners/converters: Configuration options keep it quick and easy

Narrow signal conditioners and converters do not have to mean difficult configuration.

Push-in Relays: Faster Connections

Push-in Relays: Faster Connections

PLC relays with push-in termination technology can reduce the overall installation costs for a control application.

Shop floor productivity

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Don't get tangled up

Don't get tangled up

Wire ties keep your cabinet organized, but there's more to consider than you might think.

Organize your control panel with wire duct

Organize your control panel with wire duct

Need to get that panel organized? Wire duct provides a way to easily and flexibly organize the wires in a control cabinet. 

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