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Maximum connected load in Europe

Criteria for yield calculations


Unobstructed sunlight throughout the year.

  • Alignment of solar modules: facing south (locations in northern hemisphere)
  • Tilt angle of solar modules: optimum tilt angle in winter is 60°
  • Shading: consideration of shading caused by buildings or trees in future


The solar systems have been calculated for the season with the poorest weather (winter). During this time, the solar panels only provide around 1/4 of the daily yield that they provide in the summer months.

European maximum connected load

Maximum connected load for year-round constant load, in relation to power reserve (see tables).

Connected load with power reserve for RAD-SOL-SET-24-100

1 *2 *3 *4 *5 *
Oslo I1 W1 W1 W1 W1 W
Hanover II2.5 W2.5 W2.5 W2.5 W2.5 W
Munich III4.5 W4.4 W4.2 W4.0 W3.8 W
Bordeaux IV6 W5.8 W5 W4.5 W3.8 W
Rome V8 W7.5 W6 W4.8 W3.8 W
Madrid VI9 W8 W6 W4.8 W3.8 W
Seville VII11 W9.5 W6 W4.8 W3.8 W

* Power reserve [days]

Connected load with power reserve for RAD-SOL-SET-24-200

1 *2 *3 *4 *5 *
Oslo I3 W3 W3 W3 W3 W
Hanover II5 W5 W5 W5 W5 W
Munich III9 W8.8 W8.5 W8.2 W8 W
Bordeaux IV13 W12 W11 W10 W8.5 W
Rome V16 W15 W13 W11 W8.5 W
Madrid VI18 W16 W14 W11 W8.5 W
Seville VII23 W20 W14 W11 W8.5 W

* Power reserve [days]


C6 The Exchange
Calmount Park
Dublin 12
D12 XE18


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